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Climate Change Conference 2024: Challenges and Innovations for multisectoral climate governance in Brazil

The 2024 National Climate Change Conference, held between the 18th and 20th of June at the CNPq headquarters in Brasília, emphasized the need for multisectoral climate governance in Brazil. During the conference, topics such as the impacts of global warming in Brazil, energy transition, biodiversity, the effects of climate change on health, water resources and also the forecasting capacity and resilience of cities in the face of extreme events were discussed.

Gabriela Andrietta

Professor Mario Mendiondo, from EESC/USP, associate researcher at CBioClima, participated in the round table on Water Resources, moderated by Francisco de Assis Souza Filho from UFC/RC, in which the main scientific and technological challenges to guarantee safety were discussed water resources, such as the integrated management of water resources, the implementation of advanced technologies for monitoring and forecasting droughts and floods, and the development of resilient infrastructure.

In his speech, Professor Mario highlighted the need for investment in interdisciplinary research and innovative solutions for adapting water infrastructures to new climate realities. He emphasized the importance of economic recovery and the dimension of water security education, also highlighting the importance of early warning systems and the use of advanced hydrological modeling to predict and mitigate the impacts of extreme weather events.

According to Prof Mario Mendiondo, the National Climate Change Conference establishes several milestones. On the one hand, it brings a history of scientific and technological achievements, derived from the National Climate Change Policy (Fed Law 12,187/2009) and updates to the latest IPCC/AR6 reports. On the other hand, it embodies the challenges for the upcoming 30th UN Conference on Climate Change (COP30): a transformative and sensitive science that incorporates the Sustainable Development Goals at local scales and with its foundations in the biosphere (SDGs 6, 13, 14 and 15), respectively, "Sanitation and Water Resources", "Climate Action", "Terrestrial Biodiversity" and "in the Oceans". It is in this context that the Center for Research in Biodiversity Dynamics and Climate Change (CBioClima) at UNESP is inserted, supported by FAPESP and with the collaboration of national and international researchers. Prof. Mario Mendiondo presented a practical example: what CBioClima's insertion and interdisciplinary dialogue look like with other current INCTs (see Figure 1) and national and international initiatives, also supported by CAPES and CNPq, aiming at our common "Ancestral Future", following indigenous inspiration by Ailton Krenak, towards COP30. In this Link, from 6h 48min on the YouTube recording counter, the presentation by Prof. Mario.

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